This is a fascinating lot from one Estate collection. Consisting of a folder holding over 80 perfectly preserved German field post (feldpost) letters, documents & postcards. All in one purpose made file with wallet slips showing various correspondence from 1912 to 1951. There is also one unopened field post letter in this collection. Showing a range of interesting stamps and calligraphy on the covers and letters themselves.
More photos available on request. Complete unresearched lot in very good condition. Check out my other items for more interesting unique artifacts! Add summerdannys to your FAVOURITES!
S SERVICE UNIFORM GROUP S029160 SIGNALS SS-OBERSTURM FÜHRER'S GREATCOAT SIGNALS, SS-UNTERSTURM FÜHRER'S OVERCOAT PIPED ADMINISTRATIVE STANDARTEN SERVICE TUNIC EM/NCO'S M43 FIELD BLOUSE ROTTENFÜHRER'S TROPICAL SAHARIANA Offizer M40 M41 M41 SMG Sight Visor Cap Hitler Youth HJ WK1 WK2 WW2 WW1 WWII WWI WORLD WAR TWO ONE Double IRON CROSS DATED Decal Helmet Cover Camo Camoflage WAFFEN RECRUITMENT POSTER FLEMISH PHOTO EXHIBITION ALBUM 82ND 101ST 47TH REGIMENT COMMEMORATIVE MARCH EVENT BADGE NORWEGIAN FRONT LINE SOLDIERS 1800s 1900s 1900 1901 1902 1903 1904 1905 1906 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912 1913 1914 1915 1916 1917 1918 1919 1920 1921 1922 1923 1924 1925 1926 1927 1928 1929 1930 1931 1932 1933 1934 1935 1936 1937 1938 1939 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945 1946 1947 1948 1949 1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 SS GROUP FRANKFURT MAIN WEST COMMEMORATIVE MARCH BADGE 4TH SS MOTOR-REGIMENT EVENT TABLE MEDALLION TWELVE YEAR LONG SERVICE MEDAL BELGIAN FLEMISH-SS SPONSORING MEMBER'S LAPEL PIN CASED 24TH SPORTS COMPETITION TABLE MEDALLION SQUADRON RALLY WALL PLAQUE DIVISION SQUAD SS OFFICER'S SWORD WITH PORTEPEE SENIOR NCO'S SWORD WITH M36 CHAINED SERVICE DAGGER WITH PORTEPEE DAGGER HANGER EM'S BAYONET TRODDEL KNOT holder scabbard sheath pommel ADLER eagle Nazi cross symbol markings stamp webbing liner clip gun ammo machine magazine very rare collectable collectible antique carved silver gold old bunker coastal defense pillbox pill box loft find attic garage relic ground normandy france battle fight star panzer tank SS-Obersturmbannführer SIGNALE FÜHRERS Mantel SIGNALE, SS-UNTERSTURM FÜHRERS MANTEL verrohrt VERWALTUNGSINFORMATIONEN Standartenführer SERVICE TUNIKA EM / NCO'S M43 Feldbluse Rottenführer tropischen Sahariana Offizer M40 M41 M41 SMG Sight Schirmmütze Hitlerjugend HJ WK1 WK2 WW2 WWII WW1 WWI WELT KRIEG ZWEI EINS Double Decal Helmet Cover Camo Camouflage WAFFEN EINSTELLUNG POSTER FLÄMISCHE PHOTO AUSSTELLUNG ALBUM 82. REGIMENTS Gedenkmarsch EVENT BADGE NORWEGIAN FRONT LINE SOLDATEN 1800er 1900er MOTOR-Regiment EVENT TABELLE MEDAILLON zwölf Jahre Dienstauszeichnung der Wehrmacht Flämische-SS Fördermitglied'S Anstecknadel CASED 24TH sportlichen Wettkampf TABELLE A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z WK MEDAILLON SQUADRON RALLY WALL PLAQUE DIVISION SQUAD SS-Offizier das Tag Schwert mit Portepee SENIOR NCO Schwert mit M36 CHAINED SERVICE Dolch mit Portepee DAGGER HANGER EM BAYONET TRODDEL KNOT Inhaber Scheide Scheide Knauf ADLER Adler Nazi Kreuz-Symbol Markierungen Stempel Gurtband Liner Clip Waffe Munition Maschine Magazin sehr seltene Sammlerstücke Sammlerstücke antike geschnitzte Silber Gold alten Bunker Küstenschutz Pillendose swaztika swastika Pillendose Dachboden finden Dachgeschoss Garage Relikt Boden Normandie Frankreich Schlacht kämpfen Sterne WELTKRIEG WEHRMACHT S0 TK SOLDBUCH & WEHRPASS PZ Gren Ausb u Ers Btl 12TH SS Pz Div HITLERJUGEND MEMBER?S SOLDBUCH IDENTIFICATION CARD Mountain Troop Signals PROMOTIONAL DOCUMENT CLOTHING ISSUE CERTIFICATE DRIVER'S LICENCE & ADDITIONAL DOCUMENTS STAMMKARTE Gren. 17 Stammkp CONFIDENTIALITY OBLIGATION DOCUMENT RECOMMENDATION SERVICE CERTIFICATE FOR THE NSDAP VACATION- BUSINESS TRIP FORM INTERDEPARTMENTAL PERSONNEL FILE AUTHORIZATION DOCUMENT FROM REICHSFÜHRER-SS HEINRICH HIMMLER MAJOR CATALOGUE SECTION LINKS ADOLF GOERING SUPER ORIGINAL LUFFT COMPASS SCHARFÜHRER?
S PHOTOGRAPH MANN'S FRAMED PHOTOGRAPH PROPAGANDA PRESS PHOTOGRAPHS SCHÜTZE AIR FORCE FLIGHT INFANTRY SAILOR MERCHANT STURMBANN "REICHS- PARTEITAG NÜRNBERG 1934" ARTWORK POSTCARD ZUM GEDENKEN DES 9. NOVEMBER 1923" ARTWORK POSTCARD BULARIA JAHRBUCH 1942 "HIMMLER SIGNATURE" B00K WAFFEN-SS/HJ RECRUITMENT ARTWORK POSTCARD RECRUITMENT ARTWORK POSTCARD 019663 "DIE HITLER GEBURTSTAGSFEIER DER REICHS HAUPTSTADT" PROGRAM DICH RUFT DIE NORWEGIAN VOLUNTEER'S "NORDLANDIR PROPAGANDA MAGAZINE ISSUED COMBAT ENGINEER? S SERVICE MANUAL DUTCH AUFBRUCH BRIEFE GERMANISCHER KRIEGSFREIVILLIGER STORM TEGEN HET BOLSJEWISME IM WESTEN DEUTSCHES VOLFSBUCH DER TOD AND DER GRENZE KRIEGSGLIEDERUNG STORM DAS SCHWARZ KORPS NEWSPAPER. Legion tabacco mess tin kitchen set complete lot bulk bundle lots huge big grand gaiters gog tag bullet shell 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 lb pounder 4mm 5mm 6mm 7mm 8mm 9mm 10mm 11mm 12mm 14mm 20mm 25mm 30mm 40mm 50mm 60mm KRIEGSMARINE NARVIK CAMPAIGN SHIELD HIGH SEAS FLEET WAR BADGE "Bacqueville" DESTROYER WAR BADGE Schwerin Josef Feix Söhne SEAS FLEET WAR BADGE "Friedrich Orth" NARVIK CAMPAIGN SHIELD COASTAL ARTILLERY WAR BADGE, 1941 C.Junker" "Rudolf Souval" BLOCKADE RUNNER'S BADGE "Schwerin" MINESWEEPER'S WAR BADGE "Richard Simm & Söhne swastika AWARD DOCUMENT ADMINISTRATION OBERLEUTNANT'S REEFER REICHSMARINE EM/NCO'S BELT BUCKLE leather tab holster POWER BINOCULARS WITH PROTECTIVE LENS COVER flag pennant wimpel saber frog WAFFEN-SS, HEER, KRIEGSMARINE, LUFTWAFFE, POLITICAL AND CIVIL, IMPERIAL GERMAN RICHFEST R. BERLIN BADGE OUTSTANDING ACHIEVEMENT IN Schöner patriotischer Brieföffner mit EK Der Brieföffner wurde aus einem Granatsplitter gefertigt Das EK trägt mittig ein W und im unteren Kreuzarm die Jahreszahl Schönes und sehr seltenes Stück in einem gebrauchten, aber noch sammelwürdigen Erhaltungszustand. THE TECHNICAL BRANCH OF THE AIR-FORCE MEDALLION MERITORIOUS ACHIEVEMENT IN AIR DISTRICT HERMANN GORING FEMALE AUXILIARIES CIVILIAN PIN COMMEMORATIVE shoulder strap arm band ENGINEER MAJOR'S SHOULDER BOARD SIGNALS LEUTNANT'S Trench Art Artillery Shell Splinter / Shrapnel Shard Iron Cross Letter Opener UNTEROFFIZIER'S CONSTRUCTION EM? S REICHSCHULE FÜR LUFTAUFSICHT FLAK ARTILLERY EM'S SHIRT OFFIZIER'S Third Reich fledgling Luftwaffe Regulations DLV DEUTSCHER LUFTSPORTVERBAND RLB/SHD/LSW REICHLUFTSCHUTZBUND SICHERHEITS-U. HILFDIENST LUFTSCHUTZ WARNDIENST gas gasmask ration mask v1 v2 rocket air combat tank. Rocket launcher bazooka knife dagger game boxed Gas Gasmaske Ration Maske v1 v2 Rakete Luft Kampfpanzer. Raketenwerfer Panzerfaust Messer Dolch Spiel diary album collection personal Tagebuch Album Sammlung personenbezogener. Air force, army, force, marines, navy, service, servicepeople, soldiery, troop ARP A.
Home Front Fire Patrol Special Air Raid Siren Water Police Pump Driver R. Shillings sixpence old vintage scarce rare britich AA legion navy seal paratrooper Home of the 81st TFW EISENHOWER EAGLE, WINSTON CHURCHILL , MATILDA, SHERMAN BREWSTER BUFFALO Brize NortonPhantom Embassy Commander Commando Command Colonel Major SQN N. A NAFFI ENSA CEO NCO DEUTSCHE REICHSBAHN ARMY SURPLUS DPM PLCE IRR DOUBLE AMMO POUCH-SAS/PARA webbing set yoke utility A-A.
Acting Cooly Tindal IRAQA -FWN. SISTER Nursing Sister EA A-P. CPL Acting Provost Corporal RHOD A-SURG Acting Surgeon (3rd Class) IAA-U. ADTR Assistant Under Administrator A. Armourer's Crew RN A.SGT Acting Company Quarter Master Sergeant BA A. Acting Colour Serjeant BA A.
Acting Lance Corporal CAN A. Acting Lance Dafadar IA A. L/DFD Acting Lance Dafadar IA A. Air Mechanic 1st Class RAF A.Air Mechanic 1st Class RNAS A. Air Mechanic Grade 1 RNAS A. NAIK Acting Naik IA A. SJT Acting Staff Serjeant BA A. SJT Acting Serjeant BA A.
Acting Station Master IA A. SJT Acting Squadron Quarter Master Serjeant AUS ABDAR Abdar IA ACCT. Acting Air Mechanic 1st Class RNAS ACT. Acting Chief Motor Mechanic RNVR ACT. Acting Chief Armourer RN ACT.Acting Engine Room Artificer ACT. Acting Leading Stoker RN ACT. Admirals Servant RN ADJ Adjutant SA Admiral RN AGENT Agent EA AMB. Armament Quarter Master Serjeant BA AMT. Armament Serjeant Major BA APPCE. Labourer SA ARMR Armourer RNARMR. Armourer Serjeant Major BSAP ART. Surgeon EA AUDITOR Auditor EA Origin B'SUN Boatswain B.
Battery Quarter Master Serjeant SA B. Battery Quarter Master Serjeant BA B. Battery Serjeant Major BA B.
SHAWISH Bash Shawish EGY B. Boy Telegraphist RN BALTAGI Pioneer EA BANDMASTER Bandmaster BA BAR TDR. Bar Tender MFA BARBER Barber IA BD. CPL Band Corporal RN BDN. Bandsman RN BDR Bombardier SA BDR.
Bombardier AUS BDSM Bandsman BA BED. Bhandary BHISTI Bhisti IA BIMBASHI Major EGY BK.Barrack Serjeant Major BA BKR. Bricklayer BMBR Bombardier BA BMKR. Boilermaker MFA BNDSMN BA BNDSMN Bandsman RN BOAT HD. Boy Telegraphist BOY 1 Boy 1st Class RN BR Bearer IA BRIG.
Brigadier General BA BRUGL Bugler EGY BUG. Bugler BURG Burger SA BURG.WERKER Civilian Worker SA Butcher OF. Corporal of Horse BA C.
CENSOR Cable Censor EA C. Queen Mary's Own Baluchistan Light Infantry IA C. Chief Engine Room Artificer C.
HVLDR Colour Havildar IA C. Chief Motor Mechanic RNVR C.Chief Petty Officer RN C. MECH Petty Officer Mechanic RNAS C. Petty Officer Writer RN C. Company Quarter Master havildar C.
Company Quarter Master Serjeant BA C. Company Serjeant Major BA C. Chief Yeoman of Signals SUPDT. Camp Superintendant The Iron Cross (German: Eisernes Kreuz) was a military decoration of the Kingdom of Prussia, and later of Germany, which was established by King Friedrich Wilhelm III of Prussia and first awarded on 10 March 1813 in Breslau.
In addition to during the Napoleonic Wars, the Iron Cross was awarded during the Franco-German War, the First World War, and the Second World War. The Iron Cross was normally a military decoration only, though there were instances of it being awarded to civilians for performing military functions.
Two examples, the civilian pilot Hanna Reitsch was awarded the Iron Cross First Class for her bravery as a test pilot during the Second World War and Melitta Schenk Gräfin von Stauffenberg (also a German female test pilot) was awarded the Iron Cross Second Class. The Iron Cross was also used as the symbol of the German Army from 1871 to 1915, when it was replaced by a simpler Greek cross. In 1956, the Iron Cross became the symbol of the Bundeswehr, the German armed forces. The traditional design is black and this design is used on armored vehicles and aircraft. A newer design in blue and silver is used as the emblem in other contexts.The Iron Cross is a black four-pointed cross with white trim, with the arms widening towards the ends, similar to a cross pattée. It was designed by the neoclassical architect Karl Friedrich Schinkel and reflects the cross borne by the Teutonic Knights in the 14th century. The ribbon for the 1813, 1870 and 1914 Iron Cross (2nd Class) was black with two thin white bands, the colours of Prussia. The noncombatant version of this award had the same medal, but the black and white colours on the ribbon were reversed. Initially the Iron Cross was worn with the blank side out.
This did not change until 1838 when the sprig facing could be presented. Since the Iron Cross was issued over several different periods of German history, it was annotated with the year indicating the era in which it was issued. For example, an Iron Cross from the First World War bears the year "1914", while the same decoration from the Second World War is annotated "1939". The reverse of the 1870, 1914 and 1939 series of Iron Crosses have the year "1813" appearing on the lower arm, symbolizing the year the award was created.The 1813 decoration also has the initials "FW" for King Frederick William III, while the next two have a "W" for the respective kaisers, Wilhelm I and Wilhelm II. The final version shows a swastika. It was also possible for a holder of the 1914 Iron Cross to be awarded a second or higher grade of the 1939 Iron Cross. In such cases, a "1939 Clasp" (Spange) would be worn on the original 1914 Iron Cross. A similar award was made in 1914 but was quite rare, since there were few in service who held the 1870 Iron Cross. For the First Class award the Spange appears as an eagle with the date "1939" that was pinned above the Cross. Although two separate awards, in some cases the holders soldered them together. A cross was the symbol of the Teutonic Knights (a heraldic cross pattée), and the cross design (but not the specific decoration) has been the symbol of Germany's armed forces (now the Bundeswehr) since 1871. The Iron Cross was founded on 10 March 1813 in Breslau and awarded to soldiers during the Wars of Liberation against Napoleon. It was first awarded to Karl August Ferdinand von Borcke on 21 April 1813. King Wilhelm I of Prussia authorized further awards on 19 July 1870, during the Franco-German War. The Iron Cross was reauthorized by Emperor Wilhelm II on 5 August 1914, at the start of the First World War. During these three periods, the Iron Cross was an award of the Kingdom of Prussia, although given Prussia's pre-eminent place in the German Empire formed in 1871, it tended to be treated as a generic German decoration. The 1813, 1870, and 1914 Iron Crosses had three grades: Iron Cross 2nd Class German: Eisernes Kreuz 2. Klasse, Iron Cross 1st Class German: Eisernes Kreuz 1. Klasse, Grand Cross of the Iron Cross (German: Großkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes, often simply Großkreuz). Although the medals of each class were identical, the manner in which each was worn differed. Employing a pin or screw posts on the back of the medal, the Iron Cross First Class was worn on the left side of the recipient's uniform. The Grand Cross and the Iron Cross Second Class were suspended from different ribbons. The Grand Cross was intended for senior generals of the German Army. An even higher decoration, the Star of the Grand Cross of the Iron Cross, was awarded only twice, to Field Marshal Gebhard von Blücher in 1813 and to Field Marshal Paul von Hindenburg in 1918. A third award was planned for the most successful German general during the Second World War, but was not made after the defeat of Germany in 1945. The Iron Cross 1st Class and the Iron Cross 2nd Class were awarded without regard to rank. One had to already possess the 2nd Class in order to receive the 1st Class (though in some cases both could be awarded simultaneously). The egalitarian nature of this award contrasted with those of most other German states (and indeed many other European monarchies), where military decorations were awarded based on the rank of the recipient. For example, Bavarian officers received various grades of that Kingdom's Military Merit Order (Militär-Verdienstorden), while enlisted men received various grades of the Military Merit Cross (Militär-Verdienstkreuz). Prussia did have other orders and medals which were awarded on the basis of rank, and even though the Iron Cross was intended to be awarded without regard to rank, officers and NCOs were more likely to receive it than junior enlisted soldiers. In the First World War, approximately four million Iron Crosses of the lower grade (2nd Class) were issued, as well as around 145,000 of the higher grade (1st Class). Exact numbers of awards are not known, since the Prussian archives were destroyed during the Second World War. The multitude of awards reduced the status and reputation of the decoration. Among the holders of the 1914 Iron Cross 2nd Class and 1st Class was Adolf Hitler, who held the rank of Gefreiter.
Hitler can be seen wearing the award on his left breast, as was standard, in many photographs. Adolf Hitler restored the Iron Cross in 1939 as a German decoration (rather than Prussian as in earlier versions), continuing the tradition of issuing it in various grades.Legally it is based on the enactment Reichsgesetzblatt I S. 1573 of 1 September 1939 Verordnung über die Erneuerung des Eisernen Kreuzes (Regulation for the Re-introduction of the Iron Cross). The Iron Cross of the Second World War was divided into three main series of decorations with an intermediate category, the Knight's Cross, instituted between the lowest, the Iron Cross, and the highest, the Grand Cross. The Knight's Cross replaced the Prussian Pour le Mérite or "Blue Max".
Hitler did not care for the Pour le Mérite, as it was a Prussian order that could be awarded only to officers. The ribbon of the medal (2nd class and Knight's Cross) was different from the earlier Iron Crosses in that the color red was used in addition to the traditional black and white (black and white were the colours of Prussia, while black, white, and red were the colors of Germany).
Hitler also created the War Merit Cross as a replacement for the non-combatant version of the Iron Cross. It also appeared on certain Nazi flags in the upper left corner. The edges were curved, like most original iron crosses. The standard 1939 Iron Cross was issued in the following two grades: Iron Cross 2nd Class Eisernes Kreuz 2.Klasse, Iron Cross 1st Class Eisernes Kreuz 1. Klasse abbreviated as EKI or E. The Iron Cross was awarded for bravery in battle as well as other military contributions in a battlefield environment. The Iron Cross 2nd Class came with a ribbon and was worn in one of two different methods: when in formal dress, the entire cross was worn mounted alone or as part of a medal bar, for everyday wear, only the ribbon was worn from the second hole in the tunic button. The Iron Cross First Class was a pin-on medal with no ribbon and was worn centered on a uniform breast pocket, either on dress uniforms or everyday outfit. It was a progressive award, with the second class having to be earned before the first class and so on for the higher degrees. It is estimated that some four and a half million Second Class Iron Crosses were awarded in the Second World War, and 300,000 of the First Class#. Two Iron Cross First Class recipients were women, one of whom was test pilot Hanna Reitsch. One of the Muslim SS members to receive the award was SS Obersturmführer Imam Halim Malko? And was granted the Iron Cross (Second Class) in October 1943 for his role in suppressing the Villefranche-de-Rouergue mutiny. He and several other Bosnian Muslims were decorated with the EK. II personally by Himmler in the days after the mutiny. Interestingly, he would only wear the ribbon, and not the cross itself because of his faith.
The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes, often simply Ritterkreuz) recognized extreme battlefield bravery or successful leadership. The Knight's Cross was divided into five degrees: Knight's Cross (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes), Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves (mit Eichenlaub), Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords (mit Eichenlaub und Schwertern), Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves, Swords, and Diamonds (mit Eichenlaub, Schwertern und Brillanten), Knight's Cross with Golden Oak Leaves, Swords, and Diamonds (mit Goldenem Eichenlaub, Schwertern und Brillanten). In total, 7,313 awards of the Knight's Cross were made. Only 883 received the Oak Leaves; 160 both the Oak Leaves and Swords including Japanese Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto (posthumously); 27 with Oak Leaves, Swords and Diamonds; and one with the Golden Oak Leaves, Swords, and Diamonds (Oberst Hans-Ulrich Rudel). Recipients of the Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves, Swords, and Diamonds: (pilots) Colonel (Oberst) Werner Mölders (15 July 1941), Lieutenant General (Generalleutnant) Adolf Galland (28 February 1942), Colonel (Oberst) Gordon M.
Gollob (3 August 1942), Captain (Hauptmann) Hans-Joachim Marseille (3 September 1942), Colonel (Oberst) Helmut Lent (7 July 1944), Major Heinz-Wolfgang Schnaufer (14 October 1944), Major Walter Nowotny (19 October 1943), Colonel (Oberst) Hans-Ulrich Rudel (Diamonds: 29 March 1944, Golden Oak Leaves: 1 January 1945), Major Erich Hartmann (8 August 1944), Colonel (Oberst) Hermann Graf (16 September 1942). Reichsmarschall Hermann Göring never held the Diamonds.He, being one of the first soldiers presented with the Knight's Cross in 1939, was presented with the Grand Cross of the Iron Cross in 1940. Submarine captains of the German Navy (Kriegsmarine): Captain (Kapitän zur See) Wolfgang Lüth (11 August 1943), Commander (Fregattenkapitän) Albrecht Brandi (21 November 1944). General Field Marshals (Generalfeldmarschälle): Erwin Rommel (11 March 1943), Albert Kesselring (19 July 1944), Walter Model (17 August 1944), Ferdinand Schörner (1 January 1945).
Generals and state officials: Brig. General (Generalmajor) Adelbert Schulz (9 January 1944), Waffen-SS Lt. General (SS-Obergruppenführer) Herbert Otto Gille (19 September 1944), Waffen-SS Brig.General (SS-Brigadeführer) Sylvester Stadler (6 May 1945), Lt. General (General der Fallschirmtruppe) Hermann-Bernhard Ramcke (19 September 1944), Maj. General (Generalleutnant) Theodor Tolsdorff (18 March 1945), Maj. Karl Mauss, DDS (15 April 1945), Lt. General (General der Panzertruppe) Dietrich von Saucken (8 May 1945), Lt.
General (General der Panzertruppe) Hermann Balck (31 August 1944), Lt. General (General der Panzertruppe) Hasso von Manteuffel (18 February 1945), Maj. General (Generalleutnant) Hyazinth Graf Strachwitz (15 April 1944), Waffen-SS General (SS-Oberstgruppenführer) Sepp Dietrich (6 August 1944), General (Generaloberst) Hans-Valentin Hube (20 April 1944). Like the Knight's Cross, the Grand Cross (Großkreuz) was also worn suspended from the collar.
The only recipient of the Grand Cross during the Second World War was Reichsmarschall, or "Reich Marshal of the Greater German Reich, " Hermann Göring, who was awarded the decoration on 19 July 1940. The medal is in effect an oversized Knight's Cross. It had the same overall characteristics as the Knights Cross but was much larger, measuring 63 mm (2.5 in) wide as opposed to about 44 mm (1.7 in) for the Iron Cross and 48.5 mm (1.9 in) for the Knight's Cross. It was originally intended to have outer edges lined in gold, but this was changed to silver before the award was presented. The Grand Cross was worn with a 57 mm (2.2 in)-wide ribbon bearing the same colours as the Knights Cross and 2nd Class ribbons.The award case was in red leather with the eagle and the swastika outlined in gold. The Grand Cross was not a bravery award. It was reserved solely for General Staff officers for "the most outstanding strategic decisions affecting the course of the war". Göring received the Grand Cross for his command of the Luftwaffe during the successful 1940 campaigns against France, Belgium, and the Netherlands (at the same time as he was promoted to Reichsmarschall of the Greater German Reich). The original Grand Cross that was presented to Göring (personally by Hitler) was destroyed during an air raid on his Berlin home.
Göring had extra copies made, one of them with a platinum frame that he was wearing at the time of his surrender to the allies in 1945. Several times in official photographs, Göring can be seen wearing his Pour le Mérite, Knights Cross, and Grand Cross around his neck at the same time. The Star of the Grand Cross of the Iron Cross (also called Iron Cross with Golden Rays) was meant to be worn like the Iron Cross First class (pinned to the breast). Like the Grand Cross of the Iron Cross, this award was not intended to be bestowed for bravery. Rather, it was bestowed upon the most successful General officer at the conclusion of a war.The first Star of the Grand Cross was presented to Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher for defeating Napoleon in the Battle of Waterloo, 1815. That medal is called the Blücherstern (Blücher's Star). The second version of the Star of the Grand Cross of the Iron Cross was presented to Paul von Hindenburg for the German victories over the British in the German offensives in March and April 1918.
A Star of the Grand Cross of the Iron Cross was manufactured for the Second World War, but it was never awarded. The only known example was found by Allied occupation forces at the end of the war, and was eventually added to the West Point military collection. It is generally believed that Reichsmarschall Göring was the intended eventual recipient. The design was based on the 1914 version of the Star of the Grand Cross, but with the 1939 Iron Cross as the centerpiece.German law prohibits the wearing of a swastika, so in 1957 the West German government authorised replacement Iron Crosses with an Oak Leaf Cluster in place of the swastika, similar to the Iron Crosses of 1813, 1870, and 1914, which could be worn by World War II Iron Cross recipients. The 1957 law also authorised de-Nazified versions of most other World War II? Era decorations (except those specifically associated with Nazi Party organizations, such as SS Long Service medals, or with the expansion of the German Reich, such as the medals for the annexation of Austria, the Sudetenland, and the Memel region). The item "Estate collection 80+ German Fieldpost Letters & Postcards 1912 51 WW1 WW2 WK1" is in sale since Monday, March 1, 2021. This item is in the category "Collectables\Militaria\World War II (1939-1945)\Home Front". The seller is "summerdannys" and is located in Hitchin. This item can be shipped worldwide.